East-Enders' Alumni Association

Home Page
What's New?
The Founders!
Jim Sullivan?
Members List
How To Join
Remembrance
Our Teachers
Memories List
Old Photos
Reunions
Mini-Reunions
Searching For..
Music Offer
Our Guestbook
More Websites

Some "GOLDEN OLDIES" Photos.... (and some "NEW" Photos, Too!)

NOTE: This website is no longer accepting photos for inclusion on the website. This may change in the future, at which time an announcement will be made. Thank You.

Do you have old or new photos you'd like to share with us?  

        We'd like you to consider sending a THEN and NOW picture for inclusion on the web site, and also copies of any old pictures you might have from "way back when."  So, get on up in your attics, or down in your basements, and see if you can find some! After all, it's the pictures that really bring back fond memories, and your fellow alumni enjoy seeing new ones! 

How to get your photos on the Web Site 

        If you have access to a scanner, you can scan your photos and send them via E-mail as JPEG files to the web site manager, Jim Sullivan at:  sully1944@gmail.com   Or, if you don't have access to a scanner, you can mail them to Jim Sullivan at: 1340 Bloomingdale Drive, Cary, NC 27511. All mailed pictures will be returned within 2 days of receipt. 

NOTE: When viewing photos, should you ever receive  "THIS PAGE NOT FOUND"   or "THIS PAGE CANNOT BE DISPLAYED" error messages, or a  small box with a  RED  "X"  instead of a photoclick on the  "REFRESH"  icon located at the top of your Internet browser screen to correct the problem.

New PHOTOS added each MONTH are highlighted in yellow. 

Old Street Maps of Bridgeport (Pre-Thruway) sent in by member Donald Browne.
Note: to expand the maps to regular size for viewing, click on the lower right hand portion of the map

The Lower East End: View
The Upper East End: View
The Lower East Side: View
The Upper East Side: View

More old (1951 era) Maps of Bridgeport
Note: to expand the maps to regular size for viewing, click on the lower right hand portion of the map

Harding High School Related Photos

Harding High School Football Team photos (1927,1928,1942,1947,1956): View
Harding High School Football Team Co-Captains (Billy Riley & Bob Super) 1963: 
View
Harding High School Freshman Football Team 1963:  View
Warren Harding High School Basketball Team (1961):  View
Richard Mayer, early 1970's Harding High Principal
(note: by the mid-70's he was principal at Harding's arch-rival, Central High),  along with his son, recording artist/musician/rock star John Mayer: View
Harding High School State Championship Football Team, 1963 Football Season: View
Harding High School Junior Varsity (JV) Football Team, 1962 Football Season: View
Harding High School Senior Choir - 1957/1958: View
Harding High School Class of 1963, Junior Year Class Officers (1961-1962): View
Warren Harding High School's principal from the 1950s and 1960's:  View
Warren Harding High School's Assistant principals, from 1962:  View
Harding's Football Coaches from the 1950's and 1960's: Gene McCarthy, Steve Miska, Stephen Havanich (Note: Mr. Havanich passed away January 1996 in North Palm Beach, FL, at age 85):  View
Harding High 1957 Freshman Football Team:  View
Warren Harding High School Cheerleaders (1960-61):  View
Warren Harding High School Cheerleaders (1961-62):  View
Warren Harding High School Cheerleaders (1962-63) from December 2, 1962:  View
Who is this young Harding couple dancing the night away during the Fall of  1961?:  View
Remember getting your picture taken before going to the High School Dance? Here are a few from the 60's:  View
Six Harding Class classmates of 1956 at their 45th Reunion (2001): View
Harding Classes of 1962 and 1963 Combined 40th Reunion (2002) Photos:  View
Dee Wust and John Hodska after Harding-Central Football Game Pep Assembly in 1960:  View
Annette Buchwalder and Maryella Callahan at a 1961 Harding Record Hop:  View
1962 Bridgeport "Twist" Champions, Earl Benedetto and Lucille (Cordone) Del Monaco, winners at  a Cerebral Palsy Radiothon held at Klein Memorial in February 1962:  View
Annie Moore, Mary Robinson, and Carolyn Parker study Biology in Ms. Money's class 1966:  View
Warren Harding High School Class of 1945, Home Room #210 (Ms. Carig):  View
Warren Harding High School Class of 1965 - 25th Reunion Photo (courtesy of Chris Grandfield Ruas)View
Warren Harding High Record Hop, 1961. Trent McGee and Frankie Melvin win the Twist Contest (other recognizable faces included in photo, as well)View

HARDING HIGH NOTE:  For all you Warren Harding High School graduates, especially those of you who wore the Blue & Gold of the football team, its cheerleaders, or were team supporters (I'm thinking that just about includes all of us former graduates!) here is your opportunity to give something back to your school. There is an exciting new development regarding Warren Harding High's football program. A new organization, "The Harding Football Foundation, LLC" was recently founded in Bridgeport. Led by a Board of Directors made up of former Harding students from our "era", the group is raising funds in support of Harding's football program. Want to make a donation? The Harding Football Foundation, LLC is a non-profit organization and all donations are tax deductible. Checks should be made out to: The Harding Football Foundation, and mailed to: The Community's Bank, Attn: Cynthia H. Payne, Branch Manager, 2574 East Main Street, Bridgeport, CT 06610. They have created colorful printed brochures explaining their mission, goals, and objectives, etc.,: VIEW Brochure   For those of you planning Harding Class Reunions, I know they would be most appreciative if you could make these brochures available to your classmates, either in your reunion announcement mailing, or handed out the night of your reunion. Please contact our member Ernest L. Parker, at e-mail innercityvpa@aol.com and let him know how many brochures you will need. He can also be reached by phone: 203-913-3778.

Other High School's Related Photos

Notre Dame High School, Class of 1962: A collage photo of 13 former East Enders who graduated that year, including: Judith 'Judy' Kowalchik, Donald DelVecchio, Arthur Guglielmoni, Michael Loban, Richard Soares, Thomas Lynch, Barbara Dlugos, Bernadette Lynch, Barbara Rajotte, Irene Slagle, Nanci Sliva, Diane Vanek, and Diane Roesch. (To enlarge photo for viewing, click on the lower right hand portion of the photo): View

Grammar/Elementary School Class Photos

Barnum Grammar School Class of 1960 (with names):  View
Barnum Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names):  View
Barnum Grammar School Class of 1957:  View
Barnum Grammar School, Miss Burgess, Third Grade Teacher, circa 1955: View
Barnum Grammar School, Miss Glowacki's 4th grade class in 1956 (with names):  View 
Barnum Grammar School Class of 1941:  View
Beardsley Grammar School Kindergarten Class of 1948 (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class Class of 1950 (with some names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1956 (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1957 - Class 8A (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1957 - Class 8B (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1961 (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1961- One Homeroom (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class of 1962 (with names): View
Beardsley Grammar School Class Fifth Grade Class of 1966 (with some names): View
Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church Altar Boys and Priests, Circa: 1960: View
B
lessed Sacrament Grammar School's Legendary teacher Sister Amata: View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School; Various photos: View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1960 (Girls; with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1960 (Boys; with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1958 (with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Seventh Grade (7B) of 1957: View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1957 (with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1956 (with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1955: View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Class of 1954 (with names): View
Blessed Sacrament Grammar School Third Grade kids from 1949: View
Edison Grammar School First Graders from 1949: View
Edison Grammar School; Second Grade Photos (1949) of the Graduation Class of 1954. View
Franklin Grammar School Class of 1963 (with names): View
Franklin Grammar School Class of 1959: View
Franklin Grammar School Class of 1958 (with names): View
Franklin Grammar School Class of 1946: View
Garfield Grammar School Class of 1956 (with names): View
Garfield Grammar School Class of 1958 (with names): View
Garfield Grammar School Class of 1960 (with names): View
Garfield Grammar School Class of 1962 (with names): View
Hall Grammar School Class of 1961 (with names): View
Hall Grammar School (Miss Carey's Homeroom) 1961 (with names): View
Hall Grammar School Class of 1960: View
Hall Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
Hall Grammar School; Mrs. Carey's 1959 Eighth Grade Home Room (with names): View
Hall Grammar School Class of 1950 (Room 15, Mrs. Mc Gowan): View
Hall Grammar School Class of 1950 (Room 16, Ms. Carey): View
Hooker Grammar School Class of 1962: View
Hooker Grammar School Class of 1959: View
Hooker Grammar School Class of 1957: View
Hooker Grammar School Class of 1956: View
(There is a Yahoo group for Thomas Hooker "kids from our era": ThomasHookerSchool@yahoogroups.com)
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1961: View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1960: View
Lin
coln Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
Lincoln Grammar School 8th Grade Class of 1959 (Mr. Mak's Home room): View
Lincoln Grammar School 8th Grade Class of 1959 (Miss Kaplan's Home room): View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1958: View
Lincoln Grammar School 8th Grade Class of 1958 (Home room ?): View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1957 (with names): View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1956 (with more names): View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1955: View
Lincoln Grammar School Class of 1955 (One Home room): View
Lincoln School Drum and Bugle Corps of 1955: View
Lincoln School Drum and Bugle Corps of 1954: View
Lincoln Grammar School 8th Grade Class of 1953 (Mrs. Helen Barker's Home room): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1931(with names-see if you can find your parents. Legendary Hollywood film actor, Robert Mitchum, is shown in this photo): View 
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1955 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1956 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1957 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1960 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1961 (with names): View
McKinley Grammar School Class of 1963 (with names): View
Newfield School Kindergarten Christmas play, 1952: View
Newfield School class trip to Mystic Seaport, 1958: View
Newfield School class trip to Mystic Seaport, circa 1957: View
Saint Ambrose Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
Saint Ambrose Grammar School Boy's Choir - 1956: View
Saint Charles School Class of 1952, with names (click lower right of photo to enlarge): View
Saint Charles School Class of 1964 (need names): View
Saint Charles Borromeo Grade School Pictures (3) of the Class of 1963 (with names): View
Saints Cyril and Methodius School, Class of 1961 (expand for viewing/click on lower right of photo): View
Saint John Nepomucene Kindergarten class play, 1947: View
Saint John Nepomucene Kindergarten Class of 1950: View
Saint John Nepomucene First Grade Class of 1951: View
Saint John Nepomucene Seventh Grade Class of 1957: View
Saint John Nepomucene - 3 Parish Priests, circa early 1950's: View
Saint John Nepomucene Graduating Class of 1955 (with names): View
Saint John Nepomucene Graduating Class of 1956 (with names): View
Saint John Nepomucene Graduating Class of 1958 (with names): View
Saint Mary's Grammar School Class of 1944: View
Saint Mary's Grammar School Class of 1950: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Kindergarten Class Photo 1950 (with names): View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Kindergarten Class 1950: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School photos (4) from 1953: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Graduation Class of 1954 (with names): View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Confirmation Class of 1954: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Class of 1956: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Class of 1955: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School  Class of 1958: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Class of 1959: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School (on Pulaski and Kossuth Sts), 8th Grade Teacher: Sister Presentia: View
Saint Michael's Grammar School Class of 1962 (expand for viewing/click on lower right of photo): View
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1954 (with all names): View
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1955 (with names): View
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1957: View
Summerfield Grammar School 5th Grade Class of 1954: View
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1961 (with all names): View  
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1962: View  
Summerfield Grammar School Graduating Class of 1967: View
Waltersville Grammar School Kindergarten Class of 1946 photos: View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1955 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1956 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School; Miss Lister's 1956 Eighth Grade Home Room (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School; Ms Casserly's 1956 Eighth Grade Home Room (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1957 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1958 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School; Miss Fennell's 1958 Eighth Grade Home Room (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1959 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1960 (with names): View
Waltersville Grammar School Class of 1961 (with names): View

Saints Cyril and Methodius Church, and School Photos

Included here is a growing collection of new and old photos and documents related to the historic Saints Cyril and Methodius Church, School, and East Side Community: View


Sports Tea
ms

East End Little League Baseball Photos:

Park City Little League Baseball Photos:

Success Park Little League Baseball Photos:

Connie Mack League Photos:

Biddy Basketball League Photos

   (Note: The 1957 and 1962 photos were provided by Coach Charles Doran, who is shown in the photos, and he can be contacted via e-mail at: HoganPrep35@aol.com)

Miscellaneous Photos

Eighteen members of East Side Boy Scout Troop Number 34 (sponsored by the Bridgeport Brass Co.) Circa 1952:  View
Major League Baseball player, Neal Ball, lived on Wilmot Avenue in the East End of Bridgeport:  View
The Murphy Brothers (Bobby, Gerald, & Gary) from the corner of Stratford Ave and Bishop Ave, Circa 1963: View
Old Frisbie Pie Poster - Christmas Season: View
East End Railroad Yard with Ringling Brothers Barnum & Bailey Circus train cars (1950's): View
The Remington self-propelled car that took explosives and personnel from the plant (near the shot tower) up to the Remington Woods on Success Hill: View
Remember the "Vegetable Man" who drove his fruit and vegetable truck all over the East End and East Side? He was Sol "Sal" Diamond, shown here with his truck in Yellow Mill Village in 1952. View photo/story
The Stone Bridge out to the island at Beardsley Park, circa 1945: View
Remember the "Rag Man" who rode his horse drawn wagon all over the East End and East Side? He was Hyman Charmitz, shown here with his horse "Bob" in the late 1940s, along with his fascinating story: View photo/story
Maraczi's, Homa's, Nu-Champs (owned by my father, Jerry Sullivan, in the mid-1950's and which later became Bru-Conte's), and other memorable Bridgeport Restaurant photos from back during their hey-day: View
Newspaper article and photo of Bridgeport vocal group, The Themes (Joe Reeves, Don Dulka, Peter Arroyo, John Ulatowski, Henry Perez), from 1965: View
The GE plant on Boston Avenue "lights up" during the Christmas season: View
Remember stock car racing at the Candlelight Stadium track? Here's an early 1950's photo: View
Eleven of the guys hanging out at the Orcutt Boys Club, 1965: View
Group photo of Success Park area Boy Scout Troop #15 from 1956: View
Some Blessed Sacrament Boy Scouts and Cub Scouts; Circa early 1950's: View
Here's a photo of about a dozen kids from Father Panik Village, taken around 1954 (Help name them): View
The Bridgeport Harbor tugboat, "Mary P. McKenna", operating in the Pequonnock River in 1953: View
Seaside Park photo, 1949: View
Success Park Brownie Troop, Circa 1955 (a lot of Harding Class of '62 girls in this one!)
View
Some East-End girls ice skating at Seaside Park in the 1950's: View
Barnum Parade photos from 1950: View
Remember riding the CR&L (Connecticut Railway & Light) Busses? Here's a photo of one from the 1950's, with driver Walter J. Kandro (Kandratowicz) sent in by his daughter, Laura. She also included the following poem from the time period:  "Oh, you can't get to heaven on the CR&L, 'Cause the goddam bus goes straight to hell!" View
East-End Kids from 1957. Individual Grammar School photos (35) from B.J. (Mastroni) Perez: Boys  and  Girls
More East-End Kids from 1957/1958. Individual Grammar School photos (13): View
Even More East-End Kids from 1957/1958. Individual Grammar School photos and others from Marie (Ruggiero) Appleby (15): View
East-End Kids from 1955, 1956, 1957. Individual Grammar School photos (28): View
Hanging out on Stratford Ave in 1961: Jay Sullivan, Eddie Slattery, Joe Sullivan, John Yakowicz View
East Side Girl Scouts from the 1950's: View
Having some fun at Seaside Park: View
St. Mary's Catholic Church, Pembroke Street: View
St. Michael Archangel Catholic Church, Pulaski Street: View

Some "Mini-Reunion" Pictures......  (be sure to send us yours!)

Recent photos taken when old friends have gotten together for the first time in many years: View

Bridgeport Landmarks (Photos taken in 1982 by Bill Conway)

Ann's Newfield Bakery on Main Street
The Ocean Sea Grill on Main Street
Brierwoods, at Beardsley Park
The original Tomlinson's Hot Dog Stand ("The Greeks") at Boston and Noble Avenues
The "Last Day" of service at the old Tomlinson's Hot Dog Stand ("The Greeks") in 1999
The Water Tower (or was it a Gas Tank?) by the E. Washington Street Bridge
The Hi-Way Theatre on Boston Ave
General Electric Factory on Boston Ave

Louis Trapasso's Gallery of Paintings of various Bridgeport Landmarks

Artist/Painter Louis Trapasso, an old -time East-Ender, is currently working on a series of paintings depicting downtown Bridgeport as it was in the 40's through the 50's. 

Here are seven of Louis' works on this project, which I'm sure you will enjoy. Included among them are (1) The Congress Candy Store and The Loew's Poli at Main and Congress Streets, (2) Dolan's Corner and the Waldorf Cafeteria at Golden Hill and Middle Streets, (3) The Globe Theatre on Main Street, (4) The White Tower Restaurant at Main and Congress Streets, (5) The corner of Main Street and Fairfield Avenue, (6) Thursday Night Downtown at the corner of Main and Fairfield, (7) Lane's Diner on Broad Street next to the old UI building. To view them, click on: View

Louis, who lived on Smith Street directly behind Newfield School, attended Newfield and Lincoln schools, and Blessed Sacrament Church. He would like to expand this series of paintings to cover some of the old neighborhoods in other parts of the city - like the East End and the East Side. Ultimately, he wants to produce a group of paintings that the city would retain as a visual addition to the historical record of Bridgeport's past, and which would always be available for public viewing.  Unfortunately, Louis says his memory is not sharp enough to produce an accurate representation without the help of photographic reference material (I think we all can empathize with that!)  So, if you could recommend anyone who might be a possible source for this type of material, please contact Louis at his e-mail address: lwtrap@snet.net    

Louis' other works of art can be viewed and purchased at: www.picturepainter.com

Bridgeport Today Photos

Some Recent Panorama Shots of Bridgeport, Circa 2004: View

Bridgeport Movie Theatres:

The following website: CinemaTour.com has photos of some of your favorite old Movie Theatre's as they look today: American Theatre, 1126 E Main St; Barnum Theatre, 1828-30 Barnum Ave; Colonial Theatre, 830 Boston Ave; Hippodrome Theatre, 1411 Stratford Ave; Majestic Theater, 1347 Main St; Loews Poli Theatre (aka: Palace Theatre), 1325 Main St. They also include a listing of all of Bridgeport's theatres, so you might recognize a few more.  You get there by going to:  www.cinematour.com  

Other Interesting Places

For those of you who no longer live anywhere near Bridgeport, here are some recent photos (November 2002) of some favorite Bridgeport places from when we were kids ("click' to view):

The NEW (2008) Waltersville Elementary School
Bunny's on Boston Ave
Beardsley School on Boston Ave
The NEW Tomlinson's (aka "The Greeks" take-out stand) at the  corner of Boston and Noble Aves
Conty's at Seaside Park
Howe Statue (Show you Howe Standing up!) at Seaside Park
Memorial Arch at Seaside Park (gateway to the Saturday Night Submarine races)
The Armory on Main Street (now the Cardinal Shehan Center), site of many great Record Hops
The Lowes Poli Theater on Main Street
The Majestic Theater on Main Street
The Arcade on Main Street
The Bus Terminal downtown Bridgeport
The corner of Stratford Ave and East Main Street
(looking pretty empty!)
"Lupe and Wheel's" store at the Yellow Mill Bridge on Stratford Ave

The Pleasure Beach Bridge

Roesch's Food Stand at Seaview and Central Ave across from Pleasure Beach Bridge

Parcells Boat and Bait on Seaview Ave

Newfield Ball Park at corner of Newfield Ave and Eagle Street

Newfield Grammar School on Newfield Ave

Blessed Sacrament Grammar School on Union Ave and Orange Street

Blessed Sacrament Church, Union Ave

Newfield Bowling Lanes, Union Ave

Petersen's Pharmacy at Stratford Ave and Union Ave

The Hippadrome Theater on Stratford Ave

McKinley Grammar School on Holister Ave

Pleasure Beach

Here are links to the website of Frank M. Longo, Jr.. His website has three photos of the Pleasure Beach, circa 1999-2000. You can view his copyrighted photos by clicking on the following internet links to his website:  Carousel Photo #1Carousel Photo #2, and Pleasure Beach Sunset  (NOTE: Please limit your use of these photos to viewing only as the photographs are the property of and are copyrighted by Frank M. Longo, Jr.)

Want to read a Pleasure Beach Timeline, the "WHEN & WHAT" of Pleasure Beach: Timeline

Seaside Park

Here's the History of Seaside Park (Yes, good old P.T. Barnum had a hand in creating it!):  History

Links to some Old Photos of Bridgeport

Bridgeport's Public Library

The Bridgeport Public Library has created a wonderful website featuring many historical photos and oral histories from the East Side and East End of Bridgeport. We recommend you visit their web site to both view and listen to their extensive collection. You can visit the Bridgeport Public Library site by clicking on: www.bridgeporthistory.org

If you would like to link to some examples of what is available on the Bridgeport Public Library website, visit these photos:

  • Harding High School dedication 1924, view
  • Main Street in 1930, view
  • Frisbie Pie Truck 1938 (prove it to your children!), view
  • Main Street with Christmas Decorations 1947, view
  • State Street in 1949, view
  • Leavitt's Department Store in 1950, view
  • Arial View of Bridgeport, 1969, view

Historical POSTCARDS of Bridgeport Landmarks and Various areas of the City

The following web site and pictures may also bring back some memories

  • Did you ever go to the Candlelite-Pix Twin Drive-In Theatres (on River St) back in the 50's & 60's?  If so, you might recall this advertisement they used to show (if, in fact, you ever were actually able to see the screen through the fogged-up windows!): View
  • Web Site for Mark Edward's "Sock Hop Saturday Night" heard on Bridgeport's Radio Station: WICC-AM 600: Visit

Links to Pictures of changes being made to Bridgeport neighborhoods by Habitat for Humanity

Bridgeport's Habitat for Humanity is busy working to eliminate substandard housing within the city of Bridgeport. Visit their website and view pictures from their work on the East End, the East Side, and the West End neighborhoods (you might even see your old house!):   View

Bridgeport-born people who went on to work in the Stage and Screen industry

See if anyone you knew from "back-in-the-day" went on to work either in front of or behind the cameras and/or footlights:  View

Lost your Harding High School Yearbook?  

        I've been told you can contact Harding High School and request a copy.  Harding High has original copies of old class yearbooks for sale for $25.00. They might not have all years available, but it wouldn't hurt to call them and see if they have the year you are looking for. Call the High School at: 1734 Central Ave, Bridgeport, CT 06607, Phone: 203-576-7330. If they don't have your year, you can ask if they might be willing to copy the book for you.

Disclaimer